Glossary - List of Humanode terms

  • Aragon: A collection of applications and services that allow for the creation of new types of global communities. Communities can form around capital assets, currencies, or tokens, which gain value as more individuals own and utilize them to engage in the community. Aragon can construct replicable and universally applicable templates for establishing the borders of a community and transferring value to contributors across the internet without the use of traditional middlemen, in addition to fundamental financial capabilities like tokenization.
  • Biometrics: Body measurements and calculations relating to human traits. Biometric authentication is a type of identification and access control used in computer science. It’s also utilized to track down individuals in groups that are being watched. Commonly used biometric identifiers are the fingerprint, hand print, foot print, face-Authentication, iris Authentication, retina Authentication, ear-shape Authentication, body odor, DNA matching, voice Authentication, brain activity as in EEG and neurosignature.
  • Brain-computer interface (BCI): A computer-based system that collects, analyzes, and converts brain impulses into orders that are sent to an output device to carry out a desired activity. Any form of brain signal might theoretically be utilized to operate a BCI device.
  • Citizen: The first tier of a governor in the Vortex, which can be attained without any participation in a project approved by the Vortex. A Citizen has to cross the threshold in number of votes on proposals (22% of all proposals) or he/she will be just a human node again and won’t be counted in the voting quorum.
  • Consensus: A consensus algorithm is the method that allows a blockchain network to reach consensus. Public (decentralized) blockchains are constructed as distributed systems, and because they do not rely on a central authority, dispersed nodes must agree on transaction legitimacy.
  • Consul: The highest tier of a governor in the Vortex, which can be attained after four years of proof of time, and proof of devotion by participating in a project approved by the vortex, and have had one of his/her proposals accepted (and implemented by) the vortex.
  • Deep neural network (DNN): Between the input and output layers, there are numerous layers of an artificial neural network (ANN). Neural networks come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they all include the same basic components: neurons, synapses, weights, biases, and functions. These components work similarly to human brains and can be trained just like any other machine learning algorithm.
  • Delegator: A human node who decides to delegate his voting power to a governor.
  • Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG): A directed acyclic graph is a directed graph with no directed cycles in mathematics and computer science, particularly graph theory. That is, it is made up of vertices and edges, each of which is directed from one vertex to the next in such a way that following those directions would never result in a closed loop. Blockchain is a
  • Decentralized autonomous organization (DAO): A transparent organization with laws encoded as a computer program that is governed by its members and not influenced by a central government.
  • Distributed system: A system composed of many components situated on various machines that interact and coordinate operations in order to appear to the end user as a single cohesive system
  • Encryption: The process of encoding information. This procedure changes the original information representation, known as plaintext, into an alternate form known as ciphertext. Only authorized parties should be able to decipher ciphertext back to plaintext and access the original information.
  • Fath: A monetary system in which money is distributed proportionally. The quantity of extra value created in the monetary system—the economic output of goods and services sold—determines the yearly rate of issuance. The amount of money issued is distributed proportionally based on each holder’s currency savings.
  • Formation: A one-of-a-kind grant-funded development initiative within Vortex. Investments, service agreements, and jobs are all available through the Formation.
  • Governor: A human node who participates in voting procedures according to governing requirements, voting on more than 22% of all the proposals.
  • HMND: Ticker of Humanode token
  • Homomorphic encryption: A type of encryption that allows users to compute on encrypted material without first decrypting it These ensuing computations are left in an encrypted state, which when decrypted produces the same outcome as if the operations had been conducted on the unencrypted data.
  • Human node: A person who proved to be a unique and living human being through private biometric authentication and set up a server that participates in consensus to validate transactions safeguarding the Humanode network.
  • InFath: A type of rebalance which occurs in Fath. If the amount of commission given out in the second period of time is greater than the amount paid out in the first period, inFath happens, and emission is proportionally dispersed across all wallets.
  • InterPlanetary File System (IPFS): A peer-to-peer network and protocol for storing and exchanging data in a distributed file system IPFS uses content-addressing to distinguish each file in a global namespace that connects all computing devices.
  • Legate: The third tier of governorship in the Vortex, which can be attained by 2 consecutive years of proof of time, and proof of devotion by having participated in a project that has been approved by the vortex.
  • Liveness Detection: The ability of a system to determine if a fingerprint or a face is genuine (from a live person present at the time of capture) or forged (from a spoof artifact or lifeless body part). It consists of a set of technical elements designed to fight biometric spoofing attacks in which a duplicate impersonates a person’s unique biometrics.
  • Mining cartels: A collection of individual miners who work together to increase their profits and gain market dominance.
  • Monetary system: A system in which the government provides money to the economy of a country. Modern monetary systems often include a national treasury, a mint, central banks, and commercial banks.
  • Node: Depending on whether the discussion is about computer science or networking, a node can be one of several things. A node in networking is a connection point, a redistribution point, or a communication endpoint. Nodes are devices or data points in a big network in computer science. Devices such as a PC, phone, or printer are considered nodes. A node, in general, has a pre-programmed or built functionality that allows it to recognize, process, or send signals to other nodes.
  • OutFath: A type of rebalance which occurs in Fath. If the amount of commission given out in the second period is less than the first, outFath happens, and the protocol burns extra supply proportionally across all wallets.
  • Proof of Devotion (PoD): A system that places a higher priority on loyalty to the system than wealth.
  • Proof of Human Existence (PoE): Proof that a person is an existing human being, thus is able to create a human node.
  • Proof of Stake (PoS): A type of blockchain consensus process in which validators are chosen in proportion to their cryptocurrency holdings. PoS systems, unlike proof-of-work protocols, do not encourage excessive energy consumption.
  • Proof of Time (PoT): In the context of Humanode, it refers to how long a person has been actively participating in the vortex (as a governor). It is one of the 2 factors used to determine if a governing humanode can be promoted from one rank to the next.
  • Proof of Work (PoW): A type of cryptographic zero-knowledge proof in which one party (the prover) demonstrates to others (the verifiers) that a certain amount of computational effort has been performed. Following that, with minimal effort on their part, verifiers can authenticate this expenditure.
  • Real value creation (rVC): In the first version of Fath, rVC will be determined using transaction fees paid by network participants. If the amount of commission earned by human nodes in the second period differs from the first, the algorithm rebalances every wallet that exists by applying the same percentage difference to supply.
  • Search and matching: The search and matching of the biometric ID within the system without revealing the personal data
  • Senator: The second tier of governorship in the vortex, which can be obtained after a year of proof of time.
  • Smart Contract: A self-executing contract in which the terms of the buyer-seller agreement are put directly into lines of code. The code, as well as the agreements it contains, are disseminated throughout a decentralized blockchain network.
  • Snow-family based consensus protocol: A set of leaderless Byzantine fault tolerance protocols based on network subsampling and a metastable mechanism. In the presence of Byzantine adversaries, these protocols give a strong probabilistic safety guarantee, while their concurrent and leaderless nature allows for high throughput and scalability. Unlike traditional consensus protocols, in which one or more nodes process linear bits proportional to the total number of nodes per decision, no node processes more than logarithmic bits. Thus does not necessitate complete knowledge of all participants, and it reveals new potential compromises as well as benefits in safety when developing consensus protocols.
  • Substrate: A modular framework incorporated by Parity developers in order to efficiently build blockchains. The goal was to use everything learnt while developing Ethereum and Bitcoin implementations and make creating a blockchain as simple and adaptable. Substrate was built to allow for technological flexibility while also making functionality like accounts, balances, governance, and smart contracts as simple as plugging in a library.
  • Sybil attack: In a Sybil attack, the attacker subverts a network service’s reputation system by generating a large number of pseudonymous identities and using them to obtain disproportionately huge influence.
  • Rust: A multi-paradigm programming language that focuses on performance and safety, particularly safe concurrency. Rust is syntactically identical to C++, but it can guarantee memory safety by validating references with a borrow checker.
  • Validator: Someone who is in charge of verifying transactions. Transactions are added to the distributed ledger after they have been confirmed.
  • Vortex: The DAO governing system of Humanode. Vortex consists of human nodes, delegators, and governors.
  • Zero knowledge proof (ZKP): A technique for one party (the prover) to prove to another party (the verifier) that they know a value x without communicating any information other than the fact that they know the value x The essence of zero-knowledge proofs is that it is straightforward to demonstrate knowledge of some information simply by revealing it; the issue is to demonstrate such knowledge without revealing the information itself or any extra information.Aragon: A collection of applications and services that allow for the creation of new types of global communities. Communities can form around capital assets, currencies, or tokens, which gain value as more individuals own and utilize them to engage in the community. Aragon can construct replicable and universally applicable templates for establishing the borders of a community and transferring value to contributors across the internet without the use of traditional middlemen, in addition to fundamental financial capabilities like tokenization.